What is Disk Health Check Monitoring?

A hard drive health check is a process of examining the overall condition and performance of a hard drive to ensure it’s functioning properly. SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) check is a technology built into most modern hard drives that monitors various attributes of the drive’s performance and predicts its reliability. It can alert users to potential issues before they become serious problems, allowing for proactive maintenance or replacement.

SMART – Importance of Monitoring

Using hard drive health checks, such as SMART, is one of the smartest thing, an administrator can do on the server infrastructure. Using hard drive health checks is essential for maintaining the reliability, security, and performance of your storage systems. Whether you’re a home user, a small business, or a large enterprise, implementing regular monitoring and maintenance practices can help safeguard your data and ensure the longevity of your hardware.

  1. Prevent Data Loss: By monitoring the health of your hard drive, you can detect potential issues early and take necessary actions to prevent data loss.
  2. Predictive Maintenance: SMART technology can predict when a hard drive is likely to fail, allowing you to replace it before it causes any problems.
  3. Optimize Performance: Monitoring the health of your hard drive can help identify performance degradation and take steps to optimize its performance.
  4. Early Detection of Issues: Hard drive health checks can identify issues such as bad sectors, high temperatures, or excessive read/write errors. Detecting these problems early allows you to address them before they escalate into serious issues that could lead to data loss or system failure.
  5. Increased Reliability: Regularly monitoring the health of your hard drives improves the reliability of your storage systems. By staying proactive and addressing potential issues promptly, you can minimize the risk of unexpected failures and downtime.
  6. Data Security: For businesses and individuals alike, data security is paramount. Hard drive health checks help ensure the integrity of your data by identifying and addressing issues that could compromise its security, such as corrupted files or failing hardware components.
  7. Cost Savings: While investing time and resources in monitoring hard drive health may seem like an added expense, it can ultimately save you money in the long run. By avoiding data loss, downtime, and the need for emergency hardware replacements, you can reduce the overall cost of maintaining your IT infrastructure.
  8. Peace of Mind: Knowing that your hard drives are being actively monitored and maintained provides peace of mind. You can rest assured that your data is safe and your systems are operating efficiently, allowing you to focus on your work or other priorities without worrying about potential hardware failures.

Monitoring Drive Health Checks

On Windows

Windows has a built-in utility called “Check Disk” or “Chkdsk” that can scan and repair hard drive errors. You can run it by opening Command Prompt as an administrator and typing chkdsk /f followed by the drive letter you want to check.


There are also many third-party tools available for monitoring hard drive health on Windows, such as CrystalDiskInfo, Hard Disk Sentinel, and HD Tune. These tools provide detailed information about the health and performance of your hard drives, including SMART attributes.

On Linux

Most Linux distributions come with SMART monitoring tools pre-installed. You can use utilities like smartctl (part of the smartmontools package) to query SMART data from your hard drives. For example, you can run smartctl -a /dev/sda to display SMART information for the first hard drive (/dev/sda).


Some Linux distributions also have built-in disk health monitoring utilities that provide graphical interfaces for monitoring hard drive health. For example, GNOME Disks and KDE Partition Manager are popular options that provide easy-to-use interfaces for viewing SMART data and performing disk health checks.

Regardless of the operating system, it’s important to regularly monitor the health of your hard drives and take appropriate action if any issues are detected. This helps ensure the reliability and longevity of your storage devices.

What Metrics are considered?

SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) and also its built-in Windows alternative, provides various pieces of information about the health and performance of a hard drive, which are important for a server administrator to make sure hard drives are in a good condition. This includes monitoring parameters such as temperature, spin-up time, reallocated sectors count, seek error rate, read and write error rates, power-on hours, and SMART self-test logs. By analyzing this data, server administrators can proactively identify potential issues with hard drives, take preventive measures to avoid data loss or system downtime, and plan for timely replacements when necessary. This proactive approach helps ensure the reliability, availability, and performance of the server’s storage infrastructure, minimizing the risk of data loss and maintaining seamless operations.

  1. Temperature: SMART can monitor the temperature of the hard drive to ensure it stays within safe operating limits. Overheating can lead to premature failure of the drive.
  2. Spin-Up Time: This attribute measures the time it takes for the drive’s spindle to reach operational speed. A significant increase in spin-up time may indicate mechanical wear or impending failure.
  3. Reallocated Sectors Count: This indicates the number of sectors that have been reallocated due to errors or bad sectors. An increasing count suggests that the drive is running out of spare sectors and may be nearing the end of its lifespan.
  4. Seek Error Rate: This attribute tracks errors that occur during the drive’s seek operations. A high seek error rate could indicate mechanical issues with the drive’s read/write heads.
  5. Read Error Rate: This measures the rate at which read errors occur while accessing data from the drive. A high read error rate may indicate problems with the drive’s media or read/write heads.
  6. Write Error Rate: Similar to read error rate, this attribute tracks errors that occur during write operations. High write error rates can indicate issues with the drive’s write heads or media.
  7. Power-On Hours: This indicates the total number of hours the drive has been powered on. Monitoring power-on hours can help assess the overall usage and lifespan of the drive.
  8. SMART Self-test Logs: SMART allows the drive to perform self-tests to check for potential issues. The results of these self-tests are logged and can provide valuable diagnostic information.

Xitoring Your All In One Monitoring Solution

Did you know how Xitoring helps you to simplify the process of Drive Health Check monitoring?

Xitoring Monitoring Tool offers several advantages over manual health checks, it provides a more efficient, reliable, and comprehensive solution for monitoring hard drive health compared to manual checks. It saves time, reduces the likelihood of missed issues, and helps ensure the optimal performance and reliability of your storage systems.

  1. Automation: Xitoring automates the process of monitoring hard drive health, eliminating the need for manual intervention. This means you don’t have to remember to run checks regularly or worry about missing potential issues.
  2. Real-time Alerts: Xitoring can provide real-time alerts when it detects abnormalities or potential issues with your hard drives. This proactive approach allows you to address problems immediately, reducing the risk of data loss or system downtime.
  3. Centralized Monitoring: Xitoring provides a centralized dashboard where you can monitor the health of all your hard drives in one place. This makes it easier to keep track of multiple drives across different systems and ensures nothing falls through the cracks.
  4. Historical Data: Xitoring stores historical data about your hard drives’ health and performance, allowing you to track trends over time. This information can help you identify patterns and make informed decisions about maintenance and upgrades.
  5. Ease of Use: Xitoring typically offers a user-friendly interface that makes it easy to view and interpret hard drive health data. This is especially beneficial for users who may not have technical expertise in monitoring hardware components manually.

Join us today and make your Drive Health Check monitoring as easy as few clicks!